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Study of Magnetism and Quantum Correlations in Molecular Magnets and Cu-based Spin Systems

Chakraborty, Tanmoy (2015) Study of Magnetism and Quantum Correlations in Molecular Magnets and Cu-based Spin Systems. PhD thesis, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata.

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    Abstract

    Low dimensional spin systems are a class of interacting many body systems which often can suitably be described by physical models with possible experimental realizations. A series of inorganic, organometallic and organic systems representing different spin ½ models have been synthesized and their thermodynamics have been investigated. In most of the cases, antiferromagnetic coupling is favored and the system can be well described by Heisenberg model where the unpaired spins interact isotropically to the nearest neighbor with an intrachain coupling constant (J). Isothermal heat capacity plots as a function of field at low temperature captures the Quantum Critical Point (QCP) experimentally, owing to change in symmetry of the ground state. This change of phase is associated with the occurrence of first order quantum phase transition in NH4CuPO4·H2O which has been established by studying field dependent behavior of magnetization and entanglement. On one hand entanglement being a nonlocal property of the spins takes its maximum value when the applied magnetic field is zero. On the other hand magnetization describing the local properties of the individual spins takes its maximum value upon reaching the saturation magnetic field at the expense of entanglement. It signifies a physical picture of quantum information sharing and gives an to opportunity capture the critical magnetic field. We have investigated this scenario in NH4CuPO4·H2O and determined the critical field which shows an excellent match with the value obtained from the field dependent specific heat data.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Additional Information: Supervisor: Dr. Chiranjib Mitra
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Cu-based Spin Systems; Magnetism; Molecular Magnets; Quantum Correlations; Spin Systems
    Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
    Divisions: Department of Physical Sciences
    Depositing User: IISER Kolkata Librarian
    Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2015 11:19
    Last Modified: 14 Aug 2015 11:20
    URI: http://eprints.iiserkol.ac.in/id/eprint/268

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